Testudo defending the gates

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Defending the gate

Regardless of time or place the weakest part of any fortication as said before. At times the defenders would make a counter attack called a sallie. In this case the defenders have formed a shield wall which the Romans called the tested or turtle. The men in front hold their shields forward while thise in the back hold their shields over their heads. An excellent example of this can be seen in the films Ivanhoe and Cleopatra.